By Ingeborg Marshall
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Additional info for A History and Ethnography of the Beothuk
8 In contrast to Peckham's ideas concerning native lands, Eburne was opposed to the occupation of countries by invasion. He considered it morally wrong as well as unlawful for one nation to destroy another in order to seize its land. By the time Eburne argued his case, the North American Indians were no longer an unknown people. Trade relations had been established in several regions and enough was known about Indian practices and their way of life to indicate that they could be astute and useful allies.
Their loincloths and garments were made of bear, deer (caribou), or seal skins, and their hunting tools consisted of bows strung with roots or sinews, and of arrows fitted with stone or bone points. They ate broiled meat and drank water. Their captors were unable to communicate with them and were of the opinion that they had neither money nor religion. Since these seven individuals were travelling in a birchbark canoe east of Newfoundland, though rather far out to sea, it is possible that they were Newfoundland Beothuk.
56 Circumstantial evidence favours the idea that the elusive Indians were Beothuk. Firstly, they fled from Europeans, which was the usual reaction of the Beothuk; secondly, Whitbourne reported that the Newfoundland "sauages" (the Beothuk) lived in the "West parts of the Countrey ... " CHAPTER TWO The Seventeenth Century. Colonization, Trade, and Encroachment ENGLISH PLANS TO COLONIZE By the 15805 it was thought that the fishery, by then profitable and important for the British economy, could be improved and stabilized by establishing settlements in Newfoundland.