By Jason Brennan
Most humans think democracy is a uniquely simply kind of executive. they suspect humans have the perfect to an equivalent percentage of political strength. they usually think that political participation is nice for us--it empowers us, is helping us get what we'd like, and has a tendency to make us smarter, extra virtuous, and extra taking good care of each other. those are a few of our such a lot adored principles approximately democracy. yet, Jason Brennan says, they're all wrong.
In this trenchant publication, Brennan argues that democracy will be judged through its results--and the consequences usually are not more than enough. simply as defendants have a correct to a good trial, electorate have a correct to useful executive. yet democracy is the guideline of the ignorant and the irrational, and all of it too frequently falls brief. moreover, nobody has a basic correct to any proportion of political strength, and exercise political strength does such a lot folks little strong. to the contrary, a variety of social technological know-how learn exhibits that political participation and democratic deliberation truly are inclined to make humans worse--more irrational, biased, and suggest. Given this grim photograph, Brennan argues new approach of government--epistocracy, the guideline of the knowledgeable--may be greater than democracy, and that it is time to test and locate out.
A hard critique of democracy and the 1st sustained protection of the guideline of the an expert, Against Democracy is key analyzing for students and scholars of politics around the disciplines.
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Extra resources for Against Democracy
Acquiring information has a cost. It takes time and effort—time and effort that could be spent promoting people’s other goals. When the expected costs of acquiring information of a particular sort exceed the expected benefits of possessing that sort of information, people will usually not bother to acquire the information. Economists call this phenomenon rational ignorance. To illustrate this point, consider the following. Suppose there’s $1 million buried somewhere in your city, there for the taking.
They more strongly favored the Patriot Act, invasions of civil liberty, torture, protectionism, and restricting abortion rights and access to birth control. 42 High-information Democrats have the opposite preferences. They tend to have opposed the Iraq invasion and torture, and support free trade, civil liberties, gay rights, abortion rights, and access to birth control. 43 Althaus shows that poorly informed people have systematically different preferences from well-informed ones, even after correcting for the influence of demographic factors such as race, income, and gender.
38 On this test of political knowledge, the top 25 percent of voters are well informed, the next 25 percent are badly informed, the next 25 percent are know-nothings, and the bottom 25 percent are systematically misinformed. The ANES in effect gives citizens a multiple-choice exam on basic political knowledge. As we saw above, the voting public as a whole does worse than chance on many of these questions. In the 2000 US presidential election, significantly less than half of all Americans knew that Gore was more supportive of abortion rights, more supportive of welfare state programs, favored a higher degree of aid to blacks, or was more supportive of environmental regulation that Bush.