By Yoshio Sugimoto
This revised version has been up-to-date to hide advancements within the 5 years because the first variation used to be released. Yoshio Sugimoto demanding situations the conventional proposal that Japan is an homogeneous society with few cultural and social disparities.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Japanese Society (2nd Edition)
The multiple convergence perspective has many versions. One of them is the so-called late-developer hypothesis that Anglo-American capitalism was a unique type of development of early industrializers, while late-developer societies such as Japan had to evolve different social configurations to cope with different domestic and international constraints. Murakami,62 for example, contends that, unlike AngloAmerican societies, Japan, Germany, Italy, and other late-developing countries could not achieve political integration suitable to industrialization at its initial phase.
One type consists of emic concepts, which are specific and peculiar to a particular culture and meaningful only to its members. 72 Most sociological concepts are assumed to be etic, but it can be argued that they were initially emic concepts of Euro-American societies which became etic notions because of the cultural hegemony of Western nations. 73 Cultural relativists would argue that the time is ripe for a wide range of Japanese Japan and the Social Sciences 23 emic concepts to be examined and used in comparative analysis of advanced capitalism.
This was the case with lawsuits by feminist groups, environmental organizations, and other citizens’ movements in the 1980s and 1990s. Studies of Japanese society are incomplete if researchers examine only its tatemae, omote, and soto aspects. Only when they scrutinize the honne, ura, and uchi sides of Japanese society can they grasp its full picture. To be Japan-literate, researchers should not confuse outward appearances with inside realities when examining a society in which double codes play significant roles.