Native American Studies

Archaeological Perspectives on the Battle of the Little by Douglas D. Scott

By Douglas D. Scott

Ever because the Custer massacres on June 25, 1876, the query has been requested: What occurred - what fairly occurred - on the conflict of the Little Bighorn? we all know many of the solutions, simply because half George Armstrong Custer’s 7th Cavalry - the lads with significant Marcus Reno and Captain Frederick Benteen - survived the struggle, yet what of the part that didn't, the soldiers, civilians, scouts, and journalist who have been with Custer?

Now, simply because a grass fireplace in August 1983 cleared the terrain of brush and grass and made attainable thorough archaeological examinations of the battlefield in 1984 and 1985, we now have many solutions to special questions.

On the root of the archaeological facts awarded during this publication, we all know extra approximately what forms of guns have been used opposed to the cavalry. we all know precisely the place some of the males fought, how they died, and what occurred to their our bodies on the time of or after demise. we all know how the soldiers have been deployed, what sort of garments they wore, what sort of gear that they had, how they fought. during the thoughts of historic archaeology and forensic anthropology, the continues to be and grave of 1 of Custer’s scouts, Mitch Boyer, were pointed out. and during geomorphology and the method of removal, we all know with nearly 100% simple task the place the twenty-eight lacking males who supposedly have been buried en masse in Deep Ravine may be found.

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Artifacts were left in place as they were found, and the units were mapped at the completion of the excavation (see chapter 5 for more detail). Calhoun Hill Excavations In an attempt to learn to what degree, if any, the metal-detection inventory was missing nonmetallic items, excavations unassociated with marble markers were performed on Calhoun Hill. The selection of Calhoun Hill for these tests was based on the knowledge that this area had been noted by the first burial detail as having evidence of soldiers firing in skirmish order (Nichols 1983).

By late afternoon on the twenty-sixth the siege ended as the warriors slipped back to their village, warned of the advancing Gibbon and Terry columns. The Reno-Benteen command had lost 18 dead on the hilltop; many more were wounded. In all, 52 died in the valley and on the hilltop. Indian casualties, during both the Custer and Reno-Benteen battles, were never accurately recorded for it was the custom of the Plains Indians to remove their dead during and after a fight. The best estimates range from 30 to 150 warriors killed.

After the men attained it, Benteen rode up and joined his three companies with Reno's. McDougall's pack train arrived safely a short time later. So augmented, the defensive position selected by Reno proved satisfactory. The hilltop fight had begun. M. on June 25, 1 876. Reno and Benteen held the position, now preserved as the Reno-Benteen defense site, until relief arrived on the morning of June 27. Perhaps ninety minutes after the pack train arrived, Captain Thomas Weir mustered 20 Background his company and set out to the north in an attempt to join Custer.

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