Browse Category by Mammals
Mammals

Hormones, Heredity, and Race: Spectacular Failure in by Professor Cheryl A. Logan

By Professor Cheryl A. Logan

Early within the 20th century, arguments approximately “nature” and “nurture” pitted a inflexible genetic determinism opposed to the concept genes have been versatile and open to environmental switch. This ebook tells the tale of 3 Viennese biologists—Paul Kammerer, Julius Tandler, and Eugen Steinach—who sought to teach how the surroundings may form heredity throughout the effect of hormones. It additionally explores the dynamic of failure via either medical and social lenses. in the course of international battle I, the 3 males have been good revered scientists; via 1934, one used to be useless by means of his personal hand, one other used to be in exile, and the 3rd was once topic to ridicule.

Paul Kammerer had spent years collecting  zoological facts on no matter if environmental swap may adjust heredity, utilizing his examine because the clinical beginning for a brand new form of eugenics—one that challenged the racism turning out to be in mainstream eugenics. by means of 1918, he drew at the pioneering examine of 2 colleagues who studied how secretions formed sexual attributes to argue that hormones may well modify genes. After 1920, Julius Tandler hired an identical proposal to revive the health and wellbeing and overall healthiness of Vienna's war-weary voters. either males rejected the rigidly performing genes of the recent genetics and as a substitute crafted a biology of versatile heredity to justify eugenic reforms that revered human rights. however the interaction of technology and character with the social and political upward thrust of fascism and with antisemitism undermined their rules, resulting in their fantastic failure.

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Mammals

The Double-Edged Helix: Social Implications of Genetics in a by Joseph S. Alper, Catherine Ard, Adrienne Asch, Jon Beckwith

By Joseph S. Alper, Catherine Ard, Adrienne Asch, Jon Beckwith

The Double-Edged Helix explores the influence of contemporary genetic discoveries on either assorted inhabitants segments and society as a complete. The authors handle the clinical and moral implications of the hot applied sciences, outlining power confident and unwanted effects of genetic study on minorities, people with disabilities, and people of various sexual orientations. offering a wide range of views, this e-book emphasizes the necessity to make sure that examine into genetics learn doesn't lead to discrimination opposed to humans at the foundation in their DNA.

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Mammals

PCR Primer Design (Methods in Molecular Biology) by Chhandak Basu

By Chhandak Basu

This quantity presents an outline on layout PCR primers for profitable DNA amplification. Chapters specialize in primer layout recommendations for quantitative PCR, in silico PCR primer layout, and primer layout utilizing software program. Written within the hugely profitable Methods in Molecular Biology series layout, chapters contain introductions to their respective subject matters, lists of the mandatory fabrics and reagents, step by step, easily reproducible laboratory protocols, and pointers on troubleshooting and fending off recognized pitfalls.

Authoritative and simply available, PCR Primer layout, moment Edition seeks to help molecular biology scholars, researchers, professors and PCR enthusiasts.

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Horn of Darkness: Rhinos on the Edge by Carol Cunningham

By Carol Cunningham

The black rhino is nature's tank, feared via all animals. Even lions will holiday off a hunt to detour round one. And but the black rhino is at the fringe of extinction, its numbers dwindling from 100,000 on the flip of the century, to below 2,500 at the present time. the reason being that during areas like Yemen, China, Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand, the rhino's horn is extra helpful than gold, so useful that individuals will hazard their lives to reap it. to discourage rhino poachers, African governments have spent millions--on helicopters, paramilitary operations, fences and defend canines, even relocation to safe components. ultimately, Namibia made up our minds to de-horn its rhino inhabitants, in a final ditch attempt to prevent the slaughter. In 1991, Carol Cunningham and Joel Berger, and their eighteen-month-old daughter Sonja, went to Namibia to weigh the results of de-horning on rhinos. In Horn of Darkness, they inform the tale of 3 years within the Namib wilderness, learning Africa's final giant inhabitants of free-roaming black rhinos.
this can be the nearest so much readers will come to experiencing existence within the final wilds of Africa. Cunningham and Berger, writing nate chapters, trap what it really is prefer to depart the comforts of civilization, to camp for months at a time in a land choked with lethal predators, to check an animal that's reclusive, unpredictable, and hugely risky. The authors describe staking out water holes within the lifeless of the evening, creeping to inside twenty-seven meters of rhinos to photo them, the entire whereas maintaining a lookout for hyenas, elephants, and lions. They recount many heart-pounding escapes--one rhino forces Carol Cunningham up a tree, an unseen lion in scorching pursuit of hyenas races correct prior a frozen Joel Berger--and seize the adrenaline rush of inching toward a rhino that would flee--or charge--at any second. in addition they supply readers a transparent feel of the cautious, sufferer paintings excited by learning animals, the disappointment of lengthy days with out discovering rhinos or seeing people, dealing with warmth and thirst (the Namib wasteland is among the driest on Earth), with airborne dirt and dust and bugs, riding 1000s of kilometers in a Land Rover packed to means, slowing collecting documents on 100 person rhinos over the process a number of years. and maybe most vital, the authors show that the information they gathered means that the de-horning undertaking could backfire--that within the 4 years after de-horning all started, calf survival was once down (the facts means that hyenas may be preying on calves and the horn much less moms could not safeguard their offspring). additionally they describe the darkish aspect of clinical paintings, from the petty jealousy of different scientists--outside researchers have been frequently obvious as ecological imperialists--to the debate that erupted after the authors released their findings, as livid officers of the Namibian conservation software denounced their findings and during delays and different strategies successfully withheld a let to permit the couple to proceed their study.
Weaving jointly the ancient debts of alternative naturalists, a vividly targeted examine lifestyles within the wild, and a behind-the-scenes glimpse of medical paintings and the darkish part of the conservation flow, Horn of Darkness is destined to be a vintage paintings at the ordinary world.

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The Evolution and History of Human Populations in South by Michael D. Petraglia, Bridget Allchin

By Michael D. Petraglia, Bridget Allchin

This is the 1st quantity of its variety on prehistoric cultures of South Asia. The ebook brings jointly archaeologists, organic anthropologists, geneticists and linguists with the intention to supply a finished account of the heritage and evolution of human populations dwelling within the subcontinent. New theories and methodologies awarded offer new interpretations in regards to the cultural background and evolution of populations in South Asia.

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The Infanticide Controversy: Primatology and the Art of by Amanda Rees

By Amanda Rees

Infanticide within the flora and fauna can be a comparatively infrequent occasion, yet as Amanda Rees exhibits, it has vastly major results. pointed out within the Sixties as a phenomenon precious of research, infanticide had, by means of the Nineteen Seventies, turn into the focal point of significant controversy. The advice, by way of Sarah Hrdy, that it would be the end result of an advanced approach meant to maximise an individual’s reproductive luck sparked livid disputes among scientists, disagreements that experience persisted all the way down to the current day.

Meticulously tracing the heritage of the infanticide debates, and drawing on large interviews with box scientists, Rees investigates key theoretical and methodological issues that experience characterised box reviews of apes and monkeys within the 20th century. As a close research of the medical strategy and its program to box examine, The Infanticide Controversy sheds new gentle on our realizing of medical perform, focusing specifically at the demanding situations of operating in “natural” environments, the connection among objectivity and interpretation in an observational technological know-how, and the effect of the general public profile of primatology at the improvement of primatological examine. most significantly, it additionally considers the broader importance that the research of box technological know-how has in a interval whilst the ecological result of out of control human interventions in average structures have gotten ever extra obvious.

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Giant Pandas: Biology and Conservation by Donald Lindburg, Karen Baragona

By Donald Lindburg, Karen Baragona

The much-loved significant panda, a secretive denizen of the dense bamboo forests of western China, has turn into an icon around the globe of growth in conservation and study. This quantity, written via a global workforce of scientists and conservationists together with chinese language researchers whose paintings has no longer been to be had in English, tells the promising tale of the way the large panda back from the edge of extinction. an important sourcebook on colossal pandas to this point, it's the first e-book when you consider that 1985 to provide present panda study and the 1st to put the species in its organic, ecological, and political contexts. greater than a development record on a hugely endangered species, big Pandas: Biology and Conservation information the mix of clinical realizing, neighborhood dedication, and govt involvement that has been introduced into play and asks what extra should be performed to make sure the panda's survival. The publication is split into 4 parts--Evolutionary historical past of the enormous Panda, stories of huge Panda Biology, Pandas and Their Habitats, and titanic Panda Conservation. It combines the most recent findings from the sector and the laboratory including panel and workshop summaries from a contemporary overseas convention. Taken jointly, the chapters spotlight how overseas cooperation has ended in greater administration within the wild and in captivity. the quantity additionally exhibits how thoughts comparable to buffer zones, hyperlinks among wooded area fragments, multiple-use components, and cooperation with area people who've a stake within the resources--highly correct recommendations for conservation difficulties round the world--have been key to the panda's survival.

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The Prefrontal Cortex, Fifth Edition by Joaquin Fuster

By Joaquin Fuster

The Prefrontal Cortex, 5th Edition,

presents clients with a completely up-to-date model of this accomplished paintings that has traditionally served because the vintage reference in this a part of the mind.

The publication deals a unifying, interdisciplinary point of view that's missing in different volumes written concerning the frontal lobes, and is, once more, written via the award-winning writer who came upon "memory cells," the physiological substrate of operating reminiscence.

The 5th variation constitutes a finished replace, together with the entire significant advances made at the body structure and cognitive neuroscience of the sector on the grounds that book in 2008.

All chapters were totally revised, and the evaluation of prefrontal capabilities now translates experimental information in the theoretical framework of the hot paradigm of cortical constitution and dynamics (the Cognit Paradigm), addressing the accompanying social, monetary, and cultural implications.

  • Provides a highly interdisciplinary view of the prefrontal cortex, overlaying all significant methodologies, from comparative anatomy to fashionable imaging
  • Unique research and synthesis of a giant physique of easy and scientific information at the topic (more than 2000 references)
  • Written by way of an award-winning writer who stumbled on "memory cells," the physiological substrate of operating memory
  • Synthesizes proof that the prefrontal cortex constitutes a fancy pre-adaptive system
  • Incorporates rising learn of the position of the frontal lobes in social, monetary, and cultural adaptation

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Mammals

A Laboratory Guide to the Mammalian Embryo by David K. Gardner, Michelle Lane, Andrew J. Watson

By David K. Gardner, Michelle Lane, Andrew J. Watson

This e-book pulls jointly the complete diversity of mobile tradition, biochemical, microscopic, and genetic strategies to check the early mammalian embryo. previously, there hasn't ever been any such finished compendium, notwithstanding there were extra concentrated books of protocol, resembling Manipulating the Mouse Embryo, from chilly Spring Harbor. This publication is meant to attract all constituencies, from uncomplicated experimental technology to medical and animal technological know-how functions.

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