Browse Category by Native American Studies
Native American Studies

Native American Language Ideologies: Beliefs, Practices, and by Paul V. Kroskrity, Margaret C. Field

By Paul V. Kroskrity, Margaret C. Field

ideals and emotions approximately language range dramatically inside of and throughout local American cultural teams and are an said a part of the approaches of language shift and language demise. This quantity samples the language ideologies of quite a lot of local American communities--from the Canadian Yukon to Guatemala--to exhibit their position in sociocultural transformation.

those reports absorb such lively concerns as "insiderness" in Cherokee language ideologies, contradictions of space-time for the Northern Arapaho, language socialization and Paiute id, and orthography offerings and language renewal one of the Kiowa. The authors--including participants of indigenous speech groups who perform language renewal efforts--discuss not just local american citizens' wakeful language ideologies but additionally the often-revealing dating among those ideals and different extra implicit realizations of language use as embedded in neighborhood practice.

The chapters speak about the influence of latest language matters regarding grammar, language use, the relation among language and social identification, and emergent language ideologies themselves in local American speech groups. And even if they painting visible edition in attitudes towards language throughout groups, in addition they exhibit commonalities--notably the emergent ideological means of iconization among a language and numerous nationwide, ethnic, and tribal identities.

As fewer local american citizens proceed to talk their very own language, this well timed quantity presents worthy grounded reports of language ideologies in action--those indigenous to local groups in addition to these imposed by way of open air associations or language researchers. It considers the emergent interplay of indigenous and imported ideologies and the ensuing impression on language ideals, practices, and struggles in contemporary Indian nation because it demonstrates the sensible implications of spotting a multiplicity of indigenous language ideologies and their effect on historical past language upkeep and renewal.

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Native American Studies

Chief Joseph: A Biography (Greenwood Biographies) by Vanessa Ann Gunther

By Vanessa Ann Gunther

This biography deals a chronological presentation of the key occasions in Nez Perce historical past and within the lifetime of certainly one of their maximum leaders, Joseph.

• contains pictures of Joseph, his brother, and different people who have been sought after in his lifestyles and within the heritage of the Nez Perce

• presents a chronology of the main occasions in Nez Perce historical past and within the lifetime of leader Joseph

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Native American Studies

Olmec Art at Dumbarton Oaks (Pre-Columbian Art at Dumbarton by Karl A. Taube

By Karl A. Taube

Olmec paintings at Dumbarton Oaks provides the Olmec element of the Robert Woods Bliss selection of Pre-Columbian paintings. It illustrates all thirty-nine Olmec paintings items in colour plates and comprises many complementary and comparative black-and-white illustrations and drawings. The physique of Pre-Columbian artwork that Robert Bliss rigorously assembled over a half-century among 1912 and 1963, amplified merely somewhat seeing that his loss of life, is a remarkably major assortment. as well as their aesthetic caliber and creative value, the items carry a lot information about the social worlds and spiritual and symbolic perspectives of the folk who made and used them earlier than the coming of Europeans within the New international.

This quantity is the second one in a sequence of catalogues that might deal with gadgets within the Bliss Pre-Columbian assortment. nearly all of the Olmec items within the assortment are made from jade, the main important fabric for the peoples of old Mesoamerica from early instances in the course of the 16th century. quite a few goods corresponding to mask, statuettes, jewellery, and replicas of guns and instruments have been used for ceremonial reasons and served as choices.

Karl Taube brings his services at the lifeways and ideology of historical Mesoamerican peoples to his examine of the Olmec items in teh Bliss assortment. His figuring out of jade covers a extensive variety of data from chemical compositions to geological resources to craft know-how to the symbolic energy of the fairway stone. in the course of the ebook the writer emphasizes the function of jade as a robust image of water, fertility, and especially, of the maize plant which used to be the basic resource of existence and sustenance for the Olmec. The glossy eco-friendly of the stone was once analogous to the golf green progress of maize. This basic inspiration was once elaborated in particular spiritual ideals, lots of that have been endured and elaborated by way of later Mesoamerican peoples, comparable to the Maya. Karl Taube employs his colossal wisdom of Pre-Columbian cultures to discover and explicate Olmec symbolism during this catalogue.

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Native American Studies

Les Sauvages Americains: Representations of Native Americans by Gordon M. Sayre

By Gordon M. Sayre

Algonquian and Iroquois natives of the yankee Northeast have been defined in nice element via colonial explorers who ventured into the quarter within the 17th and eighteenth centuries. starting with the writings of John Smith and Samuel de Champlain, Gordon Sayre analyzes French and English money owed of local american citizens to bare the rhetorical codes during which their cultures have been represented and the effect that those pictures of Indians had on colonial and smooth American society. via emphasizing the paintings of Pierre Fran?ois-Xavier Charlevoix, Joseph-Fran?ois Lafitau, and Baron de Lahontan, between others, Sayre highlights the real contribution that French explorers and ethnographers made to colonial literature. Sayre's interdisciplinary method attracts on anthropology, cultural stories, and literary methodologies. He cautions opposed to brushing aside those colonial texts as purveyors of ethnocentric stereotypes, announcing that they provide insights into local American cultures. moreover, early debts of yank Indians exhibit Europeans' severe exam in their personal customs and values: Sayre demonstrates how encounters with natives' wampum belts, tattoos, and pelt clothing, for instance, pressured colonists to query the character of cash, writing, and garments; and the way the Indians' innovations of conflict and perform of adopting prisoners ended in new recommendations of cultural identification and encouraged key topics within the ecu enlightenment and American individualism.

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Native American Studies

The Evolution of Calusa: A Nonagricultural Chiefdom of the by Randolph J. Widmer

By Randolph J. Widmer

The goals of this learn are twofold: bring together, for the 1st time, all of the archaeological, environmental, and geological information pertinent to the evolution of the aboriginal population of southwest Florida; and, utilizing this foundation, improve a particular, built-in, and dynamic version of cultural edition that would function a stimulus for hypotheses that transcend uncomplicated culture-historical issues for destiny archaeological study during this region.

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Native American Studies

Quest for Harmony: Native American Spiritual Traditions by William A. Young

By William A. Young

If there have been an "endangered religions record" the non secular traditions of local American countries will be on it. thankfully, as "Quest for concord" makes very transparent, not just are local American religious traditions nonetheless a great deal alive, they're in the middle of a dramatic revival. The 4 countries on which this richly descriptive and interesting e-book focuses---the Lenape (Delaware), An?-yun?-wiya (Cherokee), Lakota (Sioux), and Din? (Navajo)---bear witness to the truth of local American tradition and its non secular renewal and continuity amidst swap. every one nation's conventional situation and current inhabitants, the language, and social association are defined. at the very least one of many tales of origins of the folks is gifted. A ancient survey of the kingdom, from the earliest documented instances until eventually contemporary many years is additionally incorporated. the center of every presentation is an advent to the nation's religious worldview and rituals, together with cosmology, and gods and spirits. Quest for concord is meant for a person looking a easy realizing of the cultures and religious teachings of local American countries. it truly is sympathetic and respectful, featuring the perspectives of local americans of their personal voice anyplace attainable. severe matters universal to local Americas resembling the Pannational non secular activities and the surroundings also are coated.

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Native American Studies

Midwinter rites of the Cayuga long house by Frank Gouldsmith Speck, Alexander General

By Frank Gouldsmith Speck, Alexander General

In the course of his final years ethnohistorian Frank G. Speck grew to become to the examine of Iroquois ceremonialism. This 1950 publication investigates the spiritual rites of the Cayuga tribe, one in all six within the Iroquois confederation that occupied upstate big apple till the yank Revolution. within the Nineteen Thirties and the Forties Frank Speck saw the Midwinter rite, the Cayuga thanksgiving for the advantages of lifestyles and wellbeing and fitness, played in lengthy homes at the Six countries Reserve in Ontario.  Collaborating with Alexander basic (Desk?heh), the famous Cayuga leader, Speck describes vividly the rites and dances giving because of all religious entities. Of designated curiosity are the drugs societies that not just prescribed herbs yet used powerfully evocative mask in treating the underlying factors of sickness. In a brand new advent, William N. Fenton discusses Speck’s distinctive occupation.

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Native American Studies

Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, by Donald L. Fixico

By Donald L. Fixico

Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty is the 1st entire advent to the treaties that promised land, self-government, monetary information, and cultural protections to the various over 500 tribes of North the US (including Alaska, Hawaii, and Canada). Going way past describing phrases and prerequisites, it's the in simple terms connection with discover the old, political, felony, and geographical contexts during which each one treaty took shape.Coverage levels from the 1778 alliance with the Delaware tribe (the first such treaty), to the landmark Worcester v. Georgia case (1832), which affirmed tribal sovereignty, to the 1871 laws that ended the treaty procedure, to the ongoing influence of treaties in strength this day. Alphabetically geared up entries disguise key members, occasions, legislation, lawsuits, and different issues. additionally incorporated are sixteen in-depth essays on significant concerns (Indian and executive perspectives of treaty-making, modern rights to gaming and repatriation, etc.) plus six essays exploring local American intertribal relationships zone by means of zone.

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Native American Studies

Native Diasporas: Indigenous Identities and Settler by Gregory D. Smithers

By Gregory D. Smithers

The arrival of ecu settlers within the Americas disrupted indigenous lifeways, and the consequences of colonialism shattered local groups. compelled migration and human trafficking created a diaspora of cultures, languages, and other people. Gregory D. Smithers and Brooke N. Newman have accumulated the paintings of best students, together with invoice Anthes, Duane Champagne, Daniel Cobb, Donald Fixico, and pleasure Porter, between others, in analyzing an expansive variety of local peoples and the level in their impacts via reaggregation. those various and wide-ranging essays discover indigenous understandings of self-identification, neighborhood, and tradition in the course of the speeches, cultural items, intimate kin, and political and criminal practices of local peoples.
 
Native Diasporas explores how indigenous peoples cast a feeling of identification and group amid the adjustments wrought via ecu colonialism within the Caribbean, the Pacific Islands, and the mainland Americas from the 17th in the course of the 20th century. extensive in scope and groundbreaking within the themes it explores, this quantity provides clean insights from students dedicated to realizing local American id in significant and methodologically cutting edge ways.
 

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Native American Studies

European and Native American Warfare 1675-1815 by Armstrong Starkey

By Armstrong Starkey

Challenging the historic culture that has denigrated Indians as ‘savages’ and celebrated the triumph of eu ‘civilization’, Armstrong Starkey offers army heritage as just one measurement of a extra primary clash of cultures, and re-examines the eu invasion of North the United States within the 17th and 18th centuries. Combining the views of ethno-history and army heritage, this ebook offers an review of the evolution and impact of either Indian and eu methods of struggle through the interval. major conflicts are analysed together with King Philip’s warfare in New England (1675-1676) awesome end result of the variety of armed Indians, the yankee warfare of Independence, and the conquest of the previous Northwest, 1783-1815.

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